لَا يَجْرِمَنَّكُمْ : Do not let hatred / no offense
قوله تعالى:" يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُونُوا قَوَّامِينَ لِلَّـهِ شُهَدَاءَ بِالْقِسْطِ ۖوَلَا يَجْرِمَنَّكُمْ شَنَآنُ قَوْمٍ عَلَىٰ أَلَّا تَعْدِلُوا ۚاعْدِلُوا هُوَ أَقْرَبُ لِلتَّقْوَىٰ ۖوَاتَّقُوا اللَّـهَ ۚإِنَّ اللَّـهَ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ"
TAFSIR IBN KATHIR:
In this verse, Allah reminded his servant to always give fair judgement and be just. And not to let enmity or hatred towards a group of people to be the boundary that limits the fair treatment that those people deserve. Allah proceeded the verse by emphasizing the importance of being just, and mentioned that the act of justice towards others is nearer to Taqwa. Allah reminded his servants to have Taqwa, as Allah is Well Acquainted with what we do.
Therefore, the lesson from this verse is that, no matter who we are dealing with, either with Muslims or non- Muslims, we should be fair and give the same treatment to all. Just because a person does not have the same faith as we do, that does not mean that we should degrade him or insult him. Rather, we must have a good relationship with him regardless of our differences of opinion. Allah commands us to do so in order to show good manners as Muslims, and to establish a stronger bond between Muslims and non- Muslims.
Based on the opinion of Abu Ja’far, he interprets the verse " يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُونُوا قَوَّامِينَ لِلَّـهِ شُهَدَاءَ بِالْقِسْطِ ۖوَلَا يَجْرِمَنَّكُمْ شَنَآنُ قَوْمٍ عَلَىٰ أَلَّا تَعْدِلُوا ۚ (O you who believe! Stand out firmly for Allah and be just witnesses and let not the enmity and hatred of others make you avoid justice) with the meaning that to set the righteousness and truth for the cause of Allah and to be a justice witness to everyone whether they are our friends or enemy. This part of the verse stresses the importance of practicing justice to everyone that we encounter with especially on the matter of being a witness for them. The words وَلَا يَجْرِمَنَّكُمْ which mean “do not make your hatred” shows how human should not get themselves influenced with their bad feeling in acting towards others. This verse is said to be revealed to the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him during the time when the Jews (Jews of Khaibar) wanted to kill him.
TAFSIR FI ZILAL AL-QURAN
According to Syed Qutb, Muslims should be justice towards the people of other religion and deal with them without affected to love or hatred.
It is justice based on the duty of remaining steadfast in devotion to God alone. No influences are ever allowed to tilt the balance of justice, especially when believers are mindful that God watches over them and knows what lies at the bottom of their hearts.
Allah also reminds the believers too not allowing hatred towards those who was preventing them to enter Mecca influence their action to be injustice and aggression against those people. Verily, this is indeed a self-restrain and a high tolerance and by this they were elevated by the Divine system.
Syed Qutb also mentioned the two stages in dealing with the unbelievers, the first stage requiring them not to launch aggression. The second stage is to maintain the justice despite of hatred and hostility feelings they felt. The first stage illustrates the passive attitude that require them to self-restrain while the second stage guide them to have a proactive attitude ensuring justice to people who are hostile to the believers and detested by them.
Thus, the term La Yajrimannakum brings meaning “Never allow your hatred” which meant to the prohibition of being injustice influenced by hatred and hostile.
No human being can attain this standard unless he deals in such a matter directly with God. This is the result that comes about when people are steadfast in their devotion to God, addressing their feelings purely to Him, fearing none but Him, and realizing that He knows their innermost thoughts. No earthly consideration can lift human beings to such a high standard and keep them there. It is a standard achievable only through absolute dedication to God.
قوله تعالى:" وَيَقَوْمِ لَا يَجْرِمَنَّكُمْ شِقَاقِي أَن يُصِيبَكُم مِّثْلُ مَا أَصَابَ قَوْمَ نُوحٍ أَوْ قَوْمَ هُودٍ أَوْ قَوْمَ صَالِحٍ ۚ وَمَا قَوْمُ لُوطٍ مِّنكُم بِبَعِيد "
TAFSIR IBN KATHIR:
This verse mentioned the story of Prophet Shu’aib and his people. His people were non- believers and were against Prophet Shu’aib. Prophet Shu’aib warned his people that just because of their enmity and hatred towards Prophet Shu’aib, they should not let themselves to continue their ignorance and disbelief which leads them towards being misguided. Or else, their fate shall be repeated as what have overcame the people of Nuh, Hud Salih, and Lut.
A two-way relationship is important where both parties, Muslims and non- Muslims, should not hold a grudge against each other. Instead, both should tolerate and compromise with each other in certain situations in order to build up a good relationship. Since the Muslims were commanded by Allah to do good towards non- Muslims, that does not mean that the non- Muslims should ignore this command. The lesson from the above verse is that, non- Muslims too should have effort to establish a good bond with the Muslims, regardless of their differences of faith.
This verse talks about the advice given to the Prophet Syu’aib to his people. According to the Tafsir at-Thabari, Prophet Syu’aib was advising his people saying that do not let the hostility between them and the prophet due to the teaching that he brought making the people refuse to accept the truth and remain with the wrong practice of their late generations that will lead to the punishment from Allah. He wanted his people to take lessons from the past people and not commit the same mistakes. The term وَلَا يَجْرِمَنَّكُم is being defined with several meaning as some scholar refers it to the meaning of “do not let the clash” while some said it is “do not let the argument or anger”. Overall, this part of the verse saying about how people should let themselves be influence with their emotional feeling in dealing with the others. Every people must think of the consequences of every action that they did so that there is no regret in the end.
TAFSIR FI ZILAL AL-QURAN
This verse portrays the effort of Prophet Syuaib in reminding his people the truth. He reminded them about the doom befell on the people of Prophet Nuh, Hud, Soleh and Lut. This may open their hardened hearts in a way which rational, cool and well-argued reminders may not influence their hearts.
The term La yajrimannakum means ‘let not your disagreement’ which portrays Prophet Syuib words to his people. He tells them that they must not let their opposition to him harden their attitude of blind rejection. He says to them plainly that he fears that they may bring upon themselves a doom which is not unlike that which befell earlier communities. He reminds them especially of the people of Lot who lived close by and who had recently been destroyed.
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